Government of Nepal

Ministry of Agricultural Development

Department of Agriculture

Crop Development Directorate

Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur

Maize Mission

Introduction:

Maize Mission Program was started in 2064/65 with the objective of substituting maize importation from India, increase income of the farmers and supply raw materials for feed industries through integrated supply of seeds, machineries and other inputs. Districts and area coverage of the program are given in table.

Table: District, area coverage and production of the maize under maize mission program

Year

Districts

Area (ha)

Production (mt)

2064/65

Sunsari, Rautahat, Bara, Sarlahi, Chitwan and Kavre

2050

10254

2065/66

Sunsari, Rautahat, Bara, Sarlahi, Chitwan, Kavre, Nawalparasi and Rupandehi

5929

48634

2066/67

Sunsari, Rautahat, Bara, Sarlahi, Chitwan, Kavre, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Dang

7000

43714

2067/68

Sunsari, Rautahat, Bara, Sarlahi, Chitwan, Kavre, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Dang

7900

60110

2068/69

Sunsari, Rautahat, Bara, Sarlahi, Chitwan, Kavre, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Dang

8100

64000

Impacts

Evidences show that, this program has been successful to substitute maize import by 20 % of the base year maize requirement. However due to increasing demand of feed it is felt necessary to execute this program in wider areas covering more districts from east to west Nepal.

Future Strategies

To maintain Strengths

  1. Build transparent and sound strategies to transfer the staffs
  2. Increase availability of technicians at the community level through reforms in organizational structure
  3. Provide attention on the post harvest operations mainly shelling and storage and need to create awareness among the producers about the quality need of the industries and impart technical know how for maintain quality 
  4. Continue Policy supports for the production of maize on commercial scale
  5. Intensify Provision of training, subsidy on seeds and small equipments e.g. Corn Sheller and moisture meter etc.

To correct Weaknesses

  1. Program and Budget/ timely approval
  2. Quality assurance for Seed and variety/ Written agreement/ authorized dealer
  3. Supply chain robustness/ market linkage/ Farmers cooperatives/ farmers assemblers
  4. Exit strategy/ Sustainability/ Internalize by DADOs

To widen Opportunities

  1. Reputation/ Mobilization of mass media
  2. Agro- Climate/ commercialization of maize in middle hills
  3. Increased demand (Demand driven production/timing/quantity)
  4. Technology development and innovation (Nepalese hybrid varieties)
  5. Import substitution/ Increase competitiveness

To counter Threats

  1. Establish sustainable coordination between multinational companies, dealers and distributors of hybrid seeds
  2. Identification and development of varieties that can withstand adverse climate
  3. Maintain Political stability
  4. Regulation of the imported seed and minimize effect on local bio- diversity
  5. Development of Nepal's own hybrid varieties in partnership with the  private seed industries