Government of Nepal

Ministry of Agricultural Development

Department of Agriculture

Crop Development Directorate

Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur

DISSPRO and CSPSP

Distirct Seed Suficiency Programme (DISSPRO) and Commercial Seed Production Support Programme (CSPSP)

Introduction 

DISSPRO for the first time was envisaged in the Ninth Five Year Plan. Basin underlying principle of DISSPRO was to produce enough quality seed within the district as per its requirement. Seed production should be prioritized in the pocket package strategy. Technical and financial supports are defined for DISSPRO program. 25 % subsidy in the source seed, provision of seed fund and seed revolving fund of rupees 5 and 60 thousands respectively for each group and direct financial supports of 200.00/ ha rupees for insect pest control in the standing crop were financial package. Training and extension on seed production technology to the farmers were implemented under DISSPRO program. 

Formation and strengthening of farmers groups to produce quality seed of desired verities and in required quantity is a major policy strategy of DISSPRO. To assure supply of source seed in all the five regions of Nepal three districts from each region were identified as resource center. These districts were mostly from the Terai and middle hill areas.

Table : The list of source seed producing districts during ninth five-year plan

 

Agro-ecological Region

Development Region

Terai

Mid-hills

Eastern

Jhapa, Morang

Dhankuta

Central

Bara, Parsa

Nuwakot

Western

Rupandehi, Nawalparasi

Tanahun

Midwestern

Dang, Bardiya

Pyuthan

Farwestern

Kailali, Kanchanpur

Doti

Objectives: To encourage and strengthen local level seed production and marketing to meet local and district level seed demand and, develop small scale seed entrepreneurship and facilitate the development of huge seed market in future; create awareness about the quality seed among the farmers; disseminate and multiply newly released varieties.

Implementation status of DISSPRO

Since the initiation of DISSPRO by Crop Development Directorate/ Department of Agriculture, many districts adopted this program by utilizing available funds in the districts and also by getting minor supports (technical and financial) from Crop Development Directorate.  Provision of seed fund of rupees five thousands for subsistence groups and sixty thousands for commercially oriented groups were major attract of this program. In the initial years funding supports to the district were arranged through CDD as a result many DISSPRO groups were formed in the district. With the in introduction of the Local Governance Act 2048, agriculture Extension Program was devolved to local authority (District Development Committee) funding support of CDD for DISSPRO was discouraged. Since budgetary capacity of the DADOs was squeezed and small, many of the DADOs became less apathetic to incorporate DISSPRO program in the regular budget.

Commercial Seed Production Support Program is the program, conducted by CDD to strengthen the DISSPRO. Seed producing groups and cooperatives which are commercialized are supported in this program.  Till now 24 groups are supported for storage, 38 groups are supported for seed revolving fund and 13 groups are supported for purchasing seed processing equipments.

In the fiscal year 2067/68 B.S., seed production was done in 600 ha in 16 districts and 1540.03 mt. of seed of different crop(paddy, wheat, rapeseed and lentil)  is produced under this program. Similarly, 12 groups were supported  for storage (@Rs. 50,000 per groups), 11 groups were supported for seed revolving fund (@ Rs. 60,000 per groups) and 6 groups were supported for purchasing seed processing equipments (@ Rs. 50,000 per groups).

This program is running in 18 district now and the targeted hectare for seed production is 700 ha in rice wheat and maize crops.